What is Cardiology ?
Cardiology is a medical specialty, which treats disorders of the heart and the blood vessels. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as Congenital Heart Defects, Coronary Artery Disease, Electrophysiology, Heart Failure and Valvular Heart Disease. A person with heart disease or cardiovascular disease referred to go for a consultation with a cardiologist. The cardiologist does all the diagnoses of the person and basis on diagnosis cardiologist prescribes the line of treatments. The heart is a very very delicate part of the body and regular care of it is very essential, especially for people who are old age. They should go for regular check-ups and monitor their heart health.
If anyone has any heart disease symptoms like
- Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina), shortness of breath, numbness,
- Pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed.
- Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen, or back.
- Coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed, Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen, or back.
Invasive cardiology gets its name from the fact that the procedures it uses require breaking the skin. However, this represents a wide range of procedures, most of which we would describe as minimally invasive.
Some of the common procedures performed in invasive cardiology are:
- Electrophysiology studies
- Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement
- Pacemaker placement
- Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
Noninvasive cardiology is cardiology that doesn’t require the cutting or piercing of your skin. Usually, this focuses on the use of procedures to diagnose heart problems, such as:
- Chest x-rays
- Electrocardiogram (EKG / ECG)
- Heart score test
- Exercise and stress tests